Articles on Tensegrity
by Donald Ingber
The following articles are by Harvard cell biologist Ingber concerning the
prevalence of tensegrity as a principle
of biological structure from the micro-level of molecules and cells to the macro-level of
tissues and whole organisms. Amongst other things, he delves into how the larger scale
forces of physical use and misuse can directly affect cell function and gene expression.
You can find more at the
Ingber Lab website.
These articles are copyright by the author or publisher, I have only gathered them together here and/or formatted them
for easy reading and/or printing. In most cases the original Internet URL is in the document so you can go to
the original location.
These files are fairly large (100Kb to 6Mb) so it will probably be best for you to download them, then
view them from your own computer in its original formatting if you have the Adobe Acrobat Reader installed.
With the Reader installed you can print a copy for yourself— see important directions
below first for printing the PDF file.
To download one or more of these files:
In Internet Explorer, right-click on the link and choose "Save Target As", in Firefox, right-click on the link and choose "Save Link As"...
Ingber – Collected Articles –
-- This zip file contains all of the files listed below.
The Architecture of Life -
Tensegrity-based Mechanosensing -
Macro to Micro
Bodywork and Cellular Mechanotransduction
The Interface of Developmental
Biology & Regenerative Medicine
Can Cancer be
Reversed by Engineering the Tumor Microenvironment?
7. From Molecular Cell Engineering to Biologically Inspired Engineering
Directions for printing PDF files
Steps to print from Adobe Acrobat:
1. Choose "Page Setup" from the "File" menu and select the correct "Paper Size" from the drop-down list
— e.g. A4 size for Europe or 8.5" X 11" (letter) for N. America, and then click on "OK".
2. Choose "Print" from the File menu and make sure the "Fit to Page" or "Scale to Page" box is checked. The other
boxes in the same area should be unchecked.
3. Make sure your printer is on and has the correct paper loaded, then click on OK. That's it.
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